Aquarium plants had a wide range of species & varieties present nowadays.
Today the most common and recognised species are listed are below:
11 Famous Fish Aquarium Plant Species:
#1: Riccia Fluitans
Its floating plant is commonly found in ponds with plenty of organic matter. It looks like a bush composed of elongated green strips. Each branch gets longer and then divides the head in the other branches.
This plant is very useful, grows at room temperature and it’s a suitable shelter for juveniles fish.
#2: Elodea Densa
Called water fever (due to their proliferation), it’s a very popular aquarium plant and searched by many because it produces lots of oxygen and provides a favourable ecological balance in the aquarium. It prefers temperate hard waters with temperatures of 25 ° C, multiplication being performed only by cutting.
#3: Elodea Canadensis
A plant found in lowland freshwater, native to America, is multiplied vegetative (by bits of branches that break easily from the nodes). Elodea is not to be planted in a sandy substrate because will float freely in the water tank.
#4: Vallisneria Asiatica
As the name indicates it comes from Asia and its mainly used for decorating the aquarium. Its very used in aquariums due to the ribbon-shaped leave that can grow up to 40cm. It reproduces by stolons, prefers hard water and slightly acidic, with a high brightness.
#5: Vallisneria Gigantea
It is a plant with a capacity to grown in large aquariums, because the leaves can reach 1 meter in length and can be 3-4cm wide. It’s not very sensitive to light and prefers the natural light. This is why it develops very well especially in designed ponds and lakes. If grown in aquariums is recommended to introduce CO2 for it to develop normally.
#6: Valisneria Spiralis
This plant is highly prize by aquariums, natural present in rivers and backwaters. Haves a short stem and a bunch of rounded oblong shaped leaves. This plant is recommended for breeding aquariums because it provides a good hiding place for juvenile fish, oxygenates the water rather good and infusoria will form quickly on its leaves.
#7: Cabomba Aquatica
This plant originated in Brazil and Mexico. It has a long and much branched stem with leave strings arranged in twos. The leaves are thin and scattered in a fan. Require careful care in order to grow properly. It’s also indicated to be held in water with a low hardness at a temperature around 20 °C and not directly exposed to sunlight, used as a decorative plant, Cabomba oxygenates aquarium waters pretty well.
#8: Cabomba Carolin
More resilient than Cabomba aquatica it’s appreciated by aquarists for its fine leaves, on which some fish lay their eggs on them but others (herbivorous) eat them. It prefers a hard water medium and neutral pH, but the bright light helps them to develop up to 30-50cm in aquariums.
#9: Cryptocoryne Undulata
It is a submerged freshwater plant found in Ceylon. It grows well at temperatures between 25-30 ° C in waters with low salts, calcium and slightly acidic. Like Vallisneriaspiralis is suitable for breeding tanks, providing a good support for the eggs.
#10: Acorus Gramineus
This plant can grow in a normal way only at temperatures above 20 °C and is not sensitive to variations of pH or water hardness. The leaves are dark green, being arranged as a fan, linear, narrow 10cm long. The plant reproduces by rhizome cutting from leaves. Can be used for large garden ponds and sometimes they develop completely under water.
It is well known and appreciated by aquarists because of its variety in species. It is an easy to care plant that comes from Southeast Asia, it develops harmoniously under the influence of powerful light, and also the pH and water hardness doesn’t matter for this plant. Reproduction is by cuttings when the leaves reach the surface of the tank. If the conditions are good Hygrophila may reach 30cm.
#11: Vesicular Dubyana (Java Moss)
A tropical plant well known in the aquarium world, used mainly as support for egg laying by fish or as shelter for juveniles. It fixes on the natural surroundings (rocks, wood, and other plants) or the artificial; it develops fast quickly covering very wide range in bright acid water.